About Tubal Ligation procedure:
The principal surgical procedure for tubal sterilization is laparoscopy.
In a laparoscopy (sometimes called “belly button surgery”), the fallopian tubes are approached through two small incisions in the abdomen just below the naval.
The surgeon then inserts a narrow, fiberoptic lighted viewing instrument called a laparoscope through the incision to locate the tubes.
The abdomen is filled with a small amount of carbon dioxide gas to “lift” the abdominal wall away from the abdominal organs.
A small section of each of the Fallopian tubes is cauterized (burned) to stop the passage of eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. The gas is then slowly released and the incision in the abdomen is closed with self-dissolving stitches.
A laparoscopy is done under anesthesia with the woman returning to her daily routine in a few days and resuming intercourse when it becomes comfortable.